Purpose: What kind of thinking
does this routine encourage?
This routine encourages students to think about something, such
as a problem, question or topic, and then articulate their thoughts.
The Think Pair Share routine promotes understanding through active
reasoning and explanation. Because students are listening to and
sharing ideas, Think Pair Share encourages students to understand
multiple perspectives.
Application: When and Where can
it be used?
Think Pair Share can be applied at any given moment in the classroom.
For example, when approaching a solution, solving a math problem,
before a science experiment, or after reading a passage or chapter
of a book you may ask students to take a moment to think about a
particular question or issue and then turn to their neighbor and
share their thoughts. Sharing can also be done in small groups.
Some times you will want to have pairs or groups summarize their
ideas for the whole class.
Launch: What are some tips for starting
and using this routine?
When first introducing the routine, teachers may want to scaffold
students' paired conversations by reminding them to take turns,
listen carefully and ask questions of one another. One way to ensure
that students listen to each other is to tell students that you
will be calling on individuals to explain their partners thinking,
as opposed to telling their own thoughts.
Encourage students to make their thinking visible
by asking them to write or draw their ideas before and/or after
sharing. Journals can also be useful. Student pairs can report one
another's thoughts to the class and a list of ideas can be created
in the classroom.
This routine is adapted from Frank Lyman: Lyman, F. T. (1981). The responsive classroom discussion: The inclusion of all students. In A. Anderson (Ed.), Mainstreaming Digest (pp. 109113). College Park: University of Maryland Press.
